Hypertension affects more than a billion people all over the world. It is a result of high blood pressure that is more often a result of poor lifestyles, poor diets and a lack of exercise.
Lifestyle changes can lead to a reduction of blood pressure and greatly reduce the chances of health complications. A healthy diet, sufficient exercise and maintaining an optimum weight can go a long way in reducing hypertension. This health problem can come about with aging, be a result of obesity, and constant stress. Sedentary living or working can also lead to an increase in blood pressure that can cause hypertension.
Salt and food that has a high sodium content lead to an increase of water in the bloodstream, which in turn leads to the heart having to work harder and increasing the pressure in the arteries. Food that has a lot of fats can also lead to deposits in blood vessels, that can block the blood vessels, reduce their areas, and lead to an increase in pressure. Food needs to have high fiber content to flush out blockages, and contain potassium and magnesium that ensures proper muscle function.
Stress is another factor that can lead to an increase in blood pressure and hence hypertension. When a person is under stress, physical or mental, adrenaline is released by the glands. This adrenaline increases the heart rate and the blood pressure. Mental strain, anger or frustration can also lead to a person becoming breathless or having a racing heart. Poor habits like smoking, drinking or substance abuse can also lead to the high blood pressure that is a harbinger of hypertension.
Exercise is one way of making a heart stronger and can help in being able to cope easily with any need for increased pressure or blood flow. Cardio exercises are the best, and walking and running are exercises that do not need any equipment or the costly membership of a gymnasium. Regular exercise for half an hour a day has been known to greatly reduce hypertension. Exercise and keeping active have also been known to reduce mental stress and reduce hypertension.
Yoga and meditation have also been effective and known to help in reducing hypertension and lowering blood pressure. Moving away from stressful situations can also help in reducing stress which is often a major cause of hypertension. Medication can always help in reducing blood pressure, but must be taken after proper checkups and with the advice of a qualified and experienced physician.
Hypertension has caused a lot of premature deaths and is a disease that is preventable with the proper medication, changes in lifestyles, a healthy diet and attention to exercise. If neglected, it can lead to many heart diseases or other complications. It can be controlled if blood pressure is regularly monitored and kept within safe limits through whatever works best for the individual. Many people are unaware that they have this disease, and that is why it is often referred to as the silent killer.